Childbirth , also known as labour and delivery , is the ending of pregnancy where one or more babies leaves a woman's uterus by passing through the vagina or by Caesarean section. The most common way of childbirth is a vaginal delivery. Each year, complications from pregnancy and childbirth result in about , maternal deaths , seven million women have serious long term problems, and 50 million women have negative health outcomes following delivery. The most prominent sign of labour is strong repetitive uterine contractions.
What to Expect During a Vaginal Delivery
Vaginal Birth vs. C-Section: Pros & Cons | Live Science
Every delivery is as unique and individual as each mother and infant. In addition, women may have completely different experiences with each new labor and delivery. Giving birth is a life-changing event that will leave an impression on you for the rest of your life. As you approach the latter part of your pregnancy, you may want to write a birth plan.
Having a Vaginal Birth With Twins
Babies can enter this world in one of two ways: Pregnant women can have either a vaginal birth or a surgical delivery by Caesarean section, but the ultimate goal of both delivery methods is to safely give birth to a healthy baby. In some cases, C-sections are planned for medical reasons that make a vaginal birth too risky. A woman may know in advance that she will need a C-section and schedule it because she is expecting twins or other multiples, or because she may have a medical condition, such as diabetes or high blood pressure. A C-section may also be scheduled ahead of time because a woman has an infection that she could pass along to her baby during birth, such as HIV or genital herpes, or if she experiences problems with the placenta during her pregnancy. A C-section may also be necessary in certain situations, such as delivering a very large baby in a mother with a small pelvis, or if the baby is not in a heads-down position and efforts to turn the baby into this position before birth have been unsuccessful.
A few things to think through in advance of your vaginal birth:. For women who deliver vaginally, childbirth progresses in three stages :. All women who deliver vaginally will experience all three phases of labor, though you may not notice the first phase at all. You may wonder: Does pushing hurt more than contractions?